- The weather gradually goes from cool to warm during this season so plant plants like ornamental trees and shrubs, flowers like daisies, geraniums, plants like lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, sweet corn, snap beans, tomatoes, mustard, squash, etc. These can be planted mid to late March or early April.
- Mid to late April is the ideal time for planting turf grass because the soil is warmer and more suitable. This is a good time to plant grass varieties like St. Augustine, Bermuda, or Zoysia. Late April weather is suitable for planting watermelon, cantaloupe, sweet potatoes, southern peas, eggplant, etc.
- The weather in May is suitable for planting hot weather plants like periwinkles, salvia, portulaca, zinnias, etc. It’s also a good time to plant perennial herbs and hardy palm species.
- Spring is the time for new growth; it’s important to get the pruning of some plants and grass out of the way before new growth begins. Prune overgrown ground cover, cut ornamental grasses to the right size, and remove all branches and portions damaged by winter.
- Don’t prune plants that flower during spring as that will only cause damage to the plants. You should only prune them after they finish flowering by mid-April.
- The spring blooms start to diminish by May so you can prune them after they finish flowering. Cut dried foliage from early spring bloom to ensure the plants are ready for summer.
- Shade trees can be pruned as well but don’t prune red or live oaks between 15th of February and 30th of June as that might damage the trees.
Caring for plants
- Test the soil carefully before starting spring fertilization. Early to mid-March is a good time to start fertilizing for big shade trees, established ornamental trees and shrubs that experience spring growth.
- March is also the time to fertilize pecan and fruit trees and this should be done before the buds break.
- Check for aphids and scale in emerging growth and treat them promptly at the early stages.
- Fescue lawns need to be mowed once every five days in the rapid growth period that happens in early March. These lawns should be fertilized before the growth period to ensure there’s enough nutrition in the soil to support it.
- The temperature is still quite cold in March so it’s important to protect the tender plants from the chill.
- Check roses, vegetables, and ornamentals during April for mildew. Check the plants weekly for aphids and scale insects as well.
- Start fertilizing for warm weather turf growth during April.
If you follow these guidelines and keep an eye on the garden or landscape, the plants and trees will thrive regardless of the season. The landscape will always be presentable and healthy, which will have a positive impact on the overall beauty of the property.